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Financial Planning: Plan Ahead

Buddha Statue

Money Matters

Before you finalize your decision to retire, it's best to analyze your financial situation with a trained professional and plan your retirement finances strategy. Consider factors (once you move) such as the cost of living, healthcare expenses, inflation, and currency exchange rates. Ensure you have sufficient savings, investments, and pensions to support your retirement lifestyle in India or abroad.     

Retiring in India

Below are the a few account types available for foreigners in India and commonly used by NRIs:

  • Non-Resident Ordinary accounts – These are current accounts designed for short-term stays (up to 6 months). They typically require you to pay in at least US$500 per month.

  • Non-Resident External –  These accounts are great if you don’t want to make monthly deposits. But they do usually require a large bulk sum on opening the account. They typically take the form of savings or current accounts.

  • Permanent current accounts – These have less restrictions on withdrawals but offer little to no interest on deposits.

  • Savings accounts – conversely these offer higher rates of interest but permit a limited number of withdrawals each month (or can be fixed for longer periods for better rates).

Retiring in India as an NRI involves a thorough review of your financial portfolio with a trained professional, there are retirement planners that specialize in retirees who are planning to move overseas in their golden years.   


Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  1. Retirement income sources: Evaluate your sources of retirement income, such as pensions, investments, social security benefits, and any other income streams. Determine if these income sources will be sufficient to support your retirement lifestyle in India, taking into account the cost of living, healthcare expenses, and other factors.

  2. Currency exchange and exchange rates: As an NRI and US citizen, you'll need to manage currency exchange between US dollars and Indian rupees. Fluctuations in exchange rates can impact your purchasing power and the value of your assets. Stay informed about exchange rates and consider the timing of currency conversions to optimize your finances.

  3. Tax implications: Understand the tax implications of retiring in India as an NRI and US citizen. You may have tax obligations in both countries. The US taxes its citizens on worldwide income, while India taxes income earned in India. Consult with tax advisors who specialize in international tax matters to ensure compliance and explore strategies for minimizing tax liabilities.

  4. Cost of living: Evaluate the cost of living in India and how it aligns with your retirement budget. While India generally offers a lower cost of living compared to the US, it's important to consider factors such as housing, healthcare, transportation, food, and other expenses specific to your lifestyle. Research the cost of goods and services in your preferred location to estimate your retirement expenses.

  5. Healthcare expenses and insurance: Take into account healthcare expenses and the availability of suitable health insurance coverage in India. Evaluate the quality and cost of healthcare facilities, consider the need for health insurance, and explore insurance options that provide coverage for medical treatments and emergencies while in India.

  6. Property considerations: If you plan to purchase property in India for your retirement, carefully assess the costs, legal aspects, and maintenance requirements associated with property ownership. Consider factors such as property taxes, insurance, ongoing maintenance, and the potential for rental income if you plan to lease out the property.

  7. Investments and financial planning: Review your investment portfolio and evaluate its suitability for your retirement goals. Consider factors such as diversification, risk tolerance, liquidity, and the specific investment opportunities available in India. Seek guidance from financial advisors who specialize in international investments to develop a retirement financial plan that aligns with your objectives.

  8. Social security benefits: If you are eligible for Social Security benefits in the US, understand how your benefits may be impacted by residing in India. The Social Security Administration can provide information on receiving benefits while living abroad, including details on reporting requirements and potential reductions in benefits.

It's important to consult with financial advisors, tax professionals, and legal experts who specialize in international financial planning and retirement. They can provide personalized advice based on your specific circumstances, help optimize your retirement finances, and ensure compliance with relevant laws and regulations.

Talk to a Retirement Planner

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